The vocal repertoire of Amazona amazonica during its breeding season has been recorded from wild individuals in Santa Bárbara, Pará State, Brazil. At individual nests, we continuously recorded vocalizations and behaviour for four hours in the early morning and three hours in the late afternoon, three times a week throughout the breeding season. We identified nine vocalizations that we classified in three behavioural categories: (1) Flight call – emitted when parrots arrive in the nest area; (2) Perched contact calls – two different vocalizations, one of them related to feeding, were emitted when the pair was perched in the nest area and interacted socially between themselves or with other individuals; (3) Aggressive calls – emitted when birds were in a dangerous situation, i.e. alarm (three types of calls), agonistic contact and distress calls (two types of call). The Orange-winged Parrot is a highly social species and the complexity of its social interactions is reflected in the diversity of its vocal repertoire.
Acoustic communication, Amazonia, breeding behaviour, parrots, social complexity.
Leiliany Negrão de Moura, Maria Luisa da Silva and Jacques Vielliard (2011). Vocal repertoire of wild breeding Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica in Amazonia. Bioacoustics 20(3): 331-340